Thomas P. McIninch, Cold War A-12s, "The Oxcart Story", and the C.I.A.

Thomas P. McIninch was a 'child of the Cold War', a psuedonym created and used by the C.I.A.


After the U-2 spy-plane went down over Russia in 1960, we built the Lockheed A-12.


The A-12 was a high-altitude, Mach 3+ reconnaissance aircraft built for the Central


Intelligence Agency by Lockheed's Skunk Works (aircraft designs by Clarence "Kelly"

Johnson; the A-12 was the 12th in a series of internal design efforts for "Archangel").

Developed and operated by the CIA under the code name 'Project Oxcart', the A-12s

over-flew North Vietnam, North Korea, and other sensitive areas during the 1960s.

In the 1970s, U.S. Air Force SR-71 ‘Blackbird’s and Corona satellites took over aerial

reconnaissance missions (an original A-12 is on display at CIA HQ, Langley, Virginia).


Secret study of the A-12 / Oxcart program, in the CIA’s classified internal publication

“Studies in Intelligence” (‘SII’), Winter 1971 pgs.1-34, written by CIA analysts under

the collective pseudonym “Thomas P. McIninch” and declassified in the early 1990s.

"The Oxcart Story", Air Force Magazine,

and "Black Shield", Air Force Magazine,

original doc


The real author of the 1971 report was John Parangosky, CIA's Oxcart Program Manager

at Groom Lake, Nevada, in the Nevada Aerospace Hall of Fame - “John Parangosky

(aka Thomas P. McIninch) has been inducted for having brought to fruition some of the

. . . most sophisticated aerial and space-based technical intelligence collection systems

. . . to the mid-1970s.”


John Parangosky was born 4 Dec. 1919, Shenandoah, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania,


son of Peter and Susan (Lesko) Parangosky. John served in the U.S. Army Air Force

and Counterintelligence Corps, working in the United States and Asia during and after

World War II. After studying at the University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) and

Columbia Law School (Manhattan, New York), Parangosky joined the CIA in July 1948.

Parangosky died on September 9, 2004, at the age of 84, in Leesburg, Loudoun County,

Virginia, and was buried in Shenandoah Heights, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania.


CIA book Archangel: CIA's Supersonic A-12 Reconnaissance Aircraft, Second Edition,

by David Robarge, download the book (large pdf) at   



“The A-12 Articles of Project Oxcart at Groom Lake and Operation Black Shield

 in Okinawa”


“Oxcart vs Blackbird: Do You Know the Difference?”


“A CIA spyplane crashed outside Area 51 a half-century ago. This explorer found it.”


McAninch Family History NL v.XXX n.2  / Copyright Frank McAninch / pg.2022-20

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