Dal Riata / Dalriada, Gaelic kingdom in northern Ireland and the western coast of


Scotland (then Pict-land, roughly what is now Argyll ("coastland of the Gael", foreigner),

Bute, Islay, Jura, Kintyre, Lochaber, and the Islands, Skye, and Morven (Clan MacInnes)


Niall Noigiallach (Niall of the Nine Hostages), semi-historical High King (King of Tara),

founder of the famous Ui Neill dynasty in Ulster, est. ca.450 CE (the red hand of Ulster)


The channel between Ulster, (northern) Ireland, and Scotland is as narrow as 20 miles in

some places, and there has been a lot of channel-crossing down through the centuries, in

both directions. Some historians believe Scottish Highlanders descend from Celtic tribes

which crossed from Ireland to the islands and highlands of Scotland, circa 500 AD.


Cenel - Kin groups forming part of Dal Riata, most of which, after a varied evolution,

eventually became the Scottish region of Argyll. Cenél nÓengusa, a kin group who

ruled the island of Islay, and perhaps nearby Colonsay, off the western coast of Scotland

in the early Middle Ages. After spending 4 centuries as part of Norway, and another 4

as part of the quasi-independent Lordship of the Isles, this region became Scottish in the

late 15th century.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cen%C3%A9l

and  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cen%C3%A9l_n%C3%93engusa

Clan MacInnes in Dalriada (‘Mac Innes’, son of Angus)  http://www.macinnes.org


The Book of Kells - an illuminated manuscript of the four Gospels, in Latin, with some


prefatory texts and tables. It was created in a Columban monastery in Ireland, Scotland,

or England, may have had contributions from various Columban institutions from these

areas. It is a masterwork of Western calligraphy; the manuscript takes its name from the

Abbey of Kells, County Meath, where it was for centuries. It is now in the Old Library

at Trinity College, Dublin (TCD)  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Kells

and  https://www.tcd.ie/library/research-collections/book-of-kells.php


Anglo-Norman invasion: Henry II, King of England, landed heavily-armed barons and


troops at Wexford in 1169, and more Knights, archers, and siege towers at Waterford

in 1171, beginning the conquest of Ireland, and subsequent English rule of the island


15th Century - The 'genealogical time frame' begins, referring to the period since

surname adoption, roughly since about the 1400-1500's.


English reduced to 'The Pale' around Dublin (Latin 'palus', stake, and "beyond the Pale")


The Plantation(s) of Ulster:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantation_of_Ulster


James VI (b.1567, d.1625) of Scotland becomes King James I of England, Scotland,

and Ireland after the death of Elizabeth I, uniting the thrones of Scotland and England.


Private plantations, in County Down, and (northern) County Antrim - the first Scottish

settlers arrived in 1605-1606  http://www.ulsternationalist.freeservers.com/custom2.html


Updates: More McA/I/Ninch Events, 1600s to 1900s in (northern) Ireland / June 2022

McAninch Family History NL v.XXX n.1  / Copyright Frank McAninch / pg.2022-03

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