4th Century ancestors: Clan MacInnes :http://macinnes.org > About Clan MacInnes [n3]


R1b-M222 and Niall / Ui Neill, Irish surnames and Y-DNA > Uí Neill dynasty,

Ancestral Journeys: http://www.ancestraljourneys.org/irishsurnames.shtml


R1b-M222, Irish Modal Haplotype (IMH), Northwest Irish / Lowland Scots variety,

Ui Neill kings of Northern Ireland, and fifth century warlord Niall of the Nine Hostages.



“Insights Into the O’Neills of Ireland from DNA Testing”, Edwin B. O’Neill and John D.

McLaughlin, Journal of Genetic Genealogy, 2006: http://www.jogg.info/22/ONeill.pdf


“DF97 by the variant count and averages of those who have done NGS is about 1500

ybp. Window: 150 CE - 450 CE” R1b-M222 Project msg, 4 Jan. 2016, Susan Hedeen


Saint Patrick in Ireland, late 400’s CE: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Patrick


Dublin: History: https://dublin.ie/living/people-culture/history


Dál Riata (also Dalriada or Dalriata): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D%C3%A1l_Riata


Dalriada: Scots Kingdom: http://www.rampantscotland.com/know/blknow_dalriada.htm


Clan MacInnes in Dalriada: http://macinnes.org > Clan Legacies > Irish Dalriada [n3]


How The Irish Saved Civilization: The Untold Story of Ireland's Heroic Role

from the Fall of Rome to the Rise of Medieval Europe, by Thomas Cahill, 1996


The Book of Kells (at TCD): https://www.tcd.ie/Library/manuscripts/book-of-kells.php


[The Vikings] The Irish Times: Irish Ancestors: The Vikings



The Vikings in the History of Ireland (800–1169)



Viking Network Ireland: The Viking Age in Ireland (Dublin City University):



Ireland's History in Maps: Ireland circa 800 AD: The Viking Era



Dublin: Vikings: http://www.inyourpocket.com/dublin/Dublin-A-Short-History_70271f


Brian Boru (c.941-1014), King of Ireland: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brian_Boru


Lord of the Isles, title of Scottish nobility . . . rulers of the west coast and islands

of Scotland in the Middle Ages: Somerled: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somerled


Somerled, Lord of the Isles, b.c.1105, northern Ireland, son of Gillebride of Clan Angus

(and patriarch of Clan Donald): http://macinnes.org > Clan Legacies: Somerled [n3]


Somerled R1a1a-M17 (R1a, Bryan Sykes, Professor of Human Genetics, Oxford, 2005)


[and] Lord of the Isles: http://www.isogg.org/wiki/Y-DNA_famous_people > Somerled


Royal Stewart, of Scotland: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Steward_of_Scotland

Y-DNA results for the Royal Stewarts (R1b-L744, R1b1a2a1a2c1i1a) can be seen on

The Big Tree: http://www.ytree.net/DisplayTree.php?blockID=7


McAninch Y-DNA Status Report 2016: Source Notes and References: Notes [111] to [132]

McAninch Family History NL v.XXIV n.1 / April 2016 / Copyright Frank McAninch / pg.2016-22

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