[88]

Stonehenge: Salisbury, Wiltshire, England: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stonehenge

[89]

R1b-L21: 3500-2000 BCE: https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/r1b/about/results

[90]

R1b-L21: http://www.eupedia.com/europe/Haplogroup_R1b_Y-DNA.shtml#L21

[91]

R1b-M222 is old R1b1a1a2a1a2c1a1a1a1: isogg HapgrpR.html [17]

[92]

Bronze Age: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronze_Age

[93]

R1b-M222 Z2959/S656 * Z2968/S635 * Z2977/S645 +34 SNPs formed 4300 ybp,


(4600-4000 ybp 95% CI) TMRCA 1900 ybp: http://www.yfull.com/tree/R-M222 [29]

[94]

R1b-M222: https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/r-1b-1c-7/about/background

[95]

R1b-M222 in Northwest Ireland: http://regarde-bien.com/ireland-m222.htm

[96]

“The history of M222, A story in six parts”, by Iain Kennedy, July 2014


http://www.kennedydna.com/HistoryOfM222.pdf

[97]

R1b: Migration map from the Paleolithic to the end of the Bronze Age (c. 1000 BCE)


http://www.eupedia.com/europe/Haplogroup_R1b_Y-DNA.shtml#migration_map

[98]

"Who are the Celts?", by Jean Manco, 2015, Genetic Genealogy Ireland


YouTube video (36:54): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R8EPdM-pCZU

[99]

"The Celts: Blood, Iron And Sacrifice" with Alice Roberts and Neil Oliver, BBC, 2015


Episode 1 of 3 (58:37): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zA-itb5NwDU


Episode 2 of 3 (58:28): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KGI6gud8MUo


Episode 3 of 3 (58:27): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MhkuLeobhXo

[100]

Celts: ancient and medieval peoples of Europe. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celts

[101]

[and] Druid: Encyclopedia Britannica: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Druid

[102]

Celts: Migration in Europe: Ancient History Encyclopedia: http://www.ancient.eu/celt

[103]

Proto-Celtic and Celtic, Hallstatt: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallstatt_culture

[104]

Celtic Britain (Iron Age): http://www.britainexpress.com/History/Celtic_Britain.htm

[105]

Celts, La Tène culture: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Tène_culture

[106]

Celts, in The History of Herodotus, by Herodotus of Halicarnassus, written 440 BCE,


translated by George Rawlinson, provided by The Internet Classics Archive, online


(with downloadable text files): http://classics.mit.edu//Herodotus/history.html

[107]

The Picts, in Caledonia (Scotland) (are not Celts): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picts

[108]

Romans: Britain, not in Ireland: “Ireland’s narrow escape from the Roman Empire”


http://ireland-calling.com/ireland-and-roman-empire


“What did the Romans (n)ever do for us?”


www.historyireland.com/pre-norman-history/what-did-the-romans-never-do-for-us


“Hibernia Romana? Ireland & the Roman empire”


www.historyireland.com/pre-norman-history/hibernia-romana-ireland-the-roman-empire

[109]

R-DF85 DF85/S675 * S668 formed 1850 ybp: http://www.yfull.com/tree/R-DF85 [29]

[110]

R-DF97 FGC8739/Y7006 * DF97 * FGC19851 + 1 SNPs formed 1600 ybp,


TMRCA 1650 ybp: http://www.yfull.com/tree/R-M222 [29]




_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

McAninch Y-DNA Status Report 2016: Source Notes and References: Notes [88] to [110]

McAninch Family History NL v.XXIV n.1 / April 2016 / Copyright Frank McAninch / pg.2016-21


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