Neanderthals and Denisovans: “The Contribution of Ancient Hominin Genomes

from Siberia to Our Understanding of Human Evolution”, Herald of the Russian

Academy of Sciences, 2015, Vol. 85 No. 5: http://www.eva.mpg.de/documents/



Neanderthals, Denisovans, others: Archaic human admixture with modern humans:



Haplogroup R: http://isogg.org/tree/ISOGG_HapgrpR.html [17]


http://www.eupedia.com/europe/Haplogroup_R1b_Y-DNA.shtml > Origins & History


R1b M343/PF6242 * V1532/PF6246 * L822/PF6247/YSC0000075 + 45 SNPs

R1a and R1b formed 22000 ybp, TMRCA 19700 ybp: http://www.yfull.com/tree/R1 [29]


“New Discovery Pushes Back Date of Human Existence in Ireland by 2500 years”




Atlantic Modal Haplogroup (AMH) (WAMH, Western) : isogg HapgrpR.html [17]


R1b (M343) > M269 > P312 Tree: https://www.familytreedna.com/groups/r1b/about


Atlantic Modal Haplogroup: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_modal_haplotype


R1b: Migration map in the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age (c. 5500-3500 BCE)



“Ancient DNA and the rewriting of human history: be sparing with Occam’s razor”,

Marc Haber, Massimo Mezzavilla et al, Genome Biology 2016 17:1, Jan. 2016


Subsections are Origin and expansion of modern humans and admixture with archaic

species; Populating Europe (has a proposed migration map); Origin of Native Americans;

Conclusions; Box 1 The evolution of genetic studies: from ‘markers’ to whole-genome

Sequences; Box 2 D-statistics; Box 3 The Neolithic transition

[and] “R1b and the People of Europe: An Ancient DNA Update”


“Ancient DNA sheds light on Irish origins”, by Paul Rincon, BBC News, 2015


and the full study “Neolithic and Bronze Age migration to Ireland and establishment of

the insular Atlantic genome”, by geneticists from Trinity College Dublin (TCD) and

archaeologists from Queen's University Belfast, in the Proceedings of the National

Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), Jan. 2016, vol.113 no.2,

online (with downloadable pdf) at: http://www.pnas.org/content/113/2/368.abstract


"R1b and the People of Europe: An Ancient DNA Update", by Dr. Michael Hammer,

University of Arizona, presentation on R1b and the People of Europe at the Family Tree

DNA’s 11th Annual Conference, Nov. 2015: http://www.slideshare.net/



Neolithic sites: Ireland: http://www.discoveringireland.com/neolithic-sites-in-ireland


Newgrange, Knowth, Dowth: World Heritage Site: http://www.newgrange.com


McAninch Y-DNA Status Report 2016: Source Notes and References: Notes [73] to [87]

McAninch Family History NL v.XXIV n.1 / April 2016 / Copyright Frank McAninch / pg.2016-20

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