TMRCA 11-man focus group (for Time to Most-Recent Common Ancestor calculations):

a. three McAninch men already identified in the McAninch (3) TMRCA calculations,

b. three other descendants of early McA/I/Ninch’s in North America in the 1700’s and

    early 1800’s (another descendant of William McAninch of Kentucky, b.bef.1765;

    a descendant of a man b.ca.1790 in Ireland who emigrated to eastern Canada, and

    an unknown McAninch 12-marker test result abandoned at FTDNA) (unfortunately,

    12-marker and 25-marker matches are fairly common, and do not mean very much),

c. and five other men in the R1b-M222 Project with 111-marker test data, modest genetic

    distances (GD 6, 7), and 94%-95% match across all 111 markers (one each, surnames

    Duncan, McConnachie, McConnaughhay, Moore, and O'Neill); have contacted some

    of the Ashley, Duncan, Gallagher, Keith, Mann, McConnachie, McConnaughhay,

    McKinney, Moore, and O'Neill people, was unable to establish any direct connection.


TMRCA Calculations (Family Tree DNA 'TiP' using their Infinite Allelle Method) [51]:

composite, comparing Y-DNA results with each other person ‘p’, knowing that ‘p’

and Frank McAninch did not share a common ancestor in the last 6 generations, the

probability that ‘p’ and Frank shared a common ancestor within the last ‘n’ generations:.

 8 Generations: 13.00% - 34.41%; 12 G: 49.66% - 72.91%; 16 G: 80.49% - 91.27%;

20 Generations: 94.44% - 97.61% (~96%); 24 Generations: 98.69% - 99.42% (~99%)


Homo heidelbergensis: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_heidelbergensis


Homo erectus and heidelbergensis: http://anthro.palomar.edu/homo2/mod_homo_1.htm


200,000 to 300,000 years ago: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y-chromosomal_Adam


~200,000: “Y-Chromosomal Adam Lived 208,300 Years Ago, Says New Study”, 2014,



~180,000 to ~200,000 years ago: “Genetic Adam and Eve did not live too far apart

in time / Studies re-date 'Y-chromosome Adam' and 'mitochondrial Eve'.”, 2013,



Migration: “started to leave Africa between 60,000 and 70,000 years ago”. National

Geographic Society, Genographic Project, The Human Journey: Migration Routes [27]


62,000 to 95,000 years ago: “Clocking the Human Exodus Out of Africa”, 2013,



“Origins: Paleogenetics is helping to solve the great mystery of prehistory: how did

 humans spread out over the earth?”, by Jacob Mikanowski, Aeon, September 2015



The Stone Age, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_Age


Early modern humans: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cro-Magnon


Neanderthals: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neanderthal

[and] eupedia: http://www.eupedia.com/europe/neanderthal_facts_and_myths.shtml


McAninch Y-DNA Status Report 2016: Source Notes and References: Notes [60] to [72]

McAninch Family History NL v.XXIV n.1 / April 2016 / Copyright Frank McAninch / pg.2016-19

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