16th Century

Henry VIII (the 8th) of England deposed the FitzGerald dynasty,


1536, 1541

[and] the new Kingdom of Ireland was declared by Henry VIII


[and] Belfast, originally a Bronze Age village, from the Gaelic


‘Beal Feirste’, ‘mouth of the sandy ford’ on the River Farset


17th Century

The Plantations of Ulster (northern Ireland)



Private plantations, County Down, and (northern) County Antrim



Official plantations in six counties - Donegal, Coleraine, Tyrone,


Fermanagh, Cavan and Armagh (and not in County Monaghan)


County Londonderry, by King James I, absorbed Co. Coleraine



Cromwell's conquest of Ireland (the Wars of the Three Kingdoms)



Little Ice Age, cold period beginning about 1650



Battle at the River Boyne near Drogheda on the east coast of


Ireland, William III ("William of Orange") defeated King James II

18th Century

Ulster Scots emigrations to North America


First large scale migration of Ulster-Scots to America



Our earliest-known immigrant ancestors were born at this time



Emigration to North America: more than 20,000 people left from


the Ulster ports of Newry, Portrush, Belfast, Lares and Ferry.

1770 to 1774

. . . at least 30,000 people departed. Over the whole century,


it is estimated that more than 400,000 emigrated from Ulster.


. . . number of the United States population of Irish stock


estimated to have been 447,000, two-thirds coming from Ulster.

19th Century

1803, Agricultural Census, County Antrim



The Tithe Applotment Books, tithes for the Church of Ireland



Great Famine, period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration



Griffiths Valuation, first full-scale valuation of property in Ireland


20th Century

Northern Ireland (six counties in Ulster), in the United Kingdom


1921, 1922

Ireland (aka Republic of Ireland), created as the Irish Free State



Standard year selected for 'ybp' Years Before Present calculations


1953, 1962

1953: James Watson and Francis Crick (Cavendish Laboratory,


DNA and the

University of Cambridge, England) suggested the first correct

Nobel Prize

double-helix model of DNA structure. 1962: Watson, Crick, and

Maurice Wilkins share the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

21st Century

2003, The Human Genome Project was completed and published



McAninch Y-DNA Status Report 2016: Timeline: 5 of 5: Ulster Plantations, Emigration, DNA

McAninch Family History NL v.XXIV n.1 / April 2016 / Copyright Frank McAninch / pg.2016-14

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