~6000 BCE

Atlantic Modal Haplogroup (AMH) (and Western, WAMH)

[79]

to ~2000 BCE

R1b1a2-M269 is estimated to have formed 4,000 to 8,000 years

[80]

    R1b-M269

ago in southwest Asia and to have spread into Europe from there

[81]

    R1b-P312

[includes R1b-P312 aka R1b1a2a1a2 (pre-dates M222 mutation)]





5500-3500 BCE

Migration of Y-R1b in the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age

[82]


[and] “Ancient DNA and the rewriting of human history”

[83]


[and] “Ancient DNA sheds light on Irish origins”

[84]


[and] “R1b and the People of Europe: An Ancient DNA Update”

[85]




3800 BCE

Neolithic sites in Ireland: Poulnabrone Dolmen (County Clare)

[86]

to 3000 BCE

(3800 BCE), Carrowmore Megalithic Cemetery (County Sligo);



Bru Na Boinne (Boyne Valley): Ancient Temple / Passage Grave

[87]


at Newgrange (3200 BCE) (500 years before the Great Pyramids



and more than 1,000 years before Stonehenge), the Knowth sites,



and Dowth; also Hill of Tara, and Hill of Slane (County Meath).





3000 BCE

Stonehenge: prehistoric monument, ring of standing stones and

[88]

to 2000 BCE

earthworks, on the Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England, U.K.





3500-2000 BCE

R1b-L21 is often referred to as a “Celtic marker”, age estimated

[89]

    R1b-L21

close to that of P312, approx.5500-4000 ybp or 3500-2000 BCE.



L21 has several well-established subgroups, including M222.



[also known as] The Atlantic Celtic branch (L21) [eupedia]

[90]

R1b-L21 aka R1b1a1a2a1a2c on the old isogg tree

[91]




~3200-600 BCE

Bronze Age in Europe (bronze, primarily copper, with ~12% tin)

[92]




~2300 BCE

R-M222 (R1b-M222) formed 4300 ybp [YFull]

[93]

    R1b-M222

The R-M222 branch of the Y-DNA tree is defined by a single

[94]


nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) called M222. This diagnostic



marker is associated with many individuals whose roots lie in



the counties of northwest Ireland, Ulster and lowland Scotland.



R1b-M222 aka R1b1a1a2a1a2c1a1a1a1 on the old isogg tree

[91]


R1b-M222: (North West) NW Irish and Irish Modal Haplotype

[38]


R1b-M222 in Northwest Ireland, by Alan Milliken

[95]


“The history of M222, A story in six parts”, by Iain Kennedy

[96]




~2000 BCE

Ancient DNA: Neolithic and Bronze Age migration to Ireland . . .

[84]


_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

McAninch Y-DNA Status Report 2016: Timeline: 2 of 5: ~6000 BCE, R1b-M222, ~2000 BCE

McAninch Family History NL v.XXIV n.1 / April 2016 / Copyright Frank McAninch / pg.2016-11


Table of Contents for this Year

First Page of this Issue

Previous Page

Next Page