Irish Surnames, Scotch-Irish in Pennsylvania, and Ulster Update    


Irish Names and Surnames, by Rev. Patrick Woulfe, originally published Dublin, 1923.


Mac Aonghuis, Mac Aonghusa [M(a)c (A)on(gh)uis, M(a)c (A)on(gh)usa (gaelic symbols in ( )’s)] -- IV -- M’Enesse, M’Hinchey, M’Nisse, MacEnnis, MacInnes, MacInch, MacKinch, MacHinch, MacNeese, MacNeece, MacNiece, MacNish, Mannice, Minnish, Mannix, Kinnish, Ennis, Innes, Hinchey etc. [MacNinch, p.128]; son of Aonghus [(A)on(gh)u(s)] (an ancient Irish personal name); a var. of M(a)(g) (A)on(gh)ui(s), q.v. Also the name of a Scottish clan in Argyleshire.” [pg. 320]


Mac Naois, Mac Naosa [M(a)c (N)(a)ois, M(a)c (N)(a)os(a) (gaelic symbols in ( )’s)] -- IV – M’Nyce, M’Nysse, MacNeece, MacNeese, MacNiece, MacNish, Manice, Mannice, Meneese, Miniece, Minnis, Minnish, Kinnish, Kennish, Mannix, &c; son of Aonghus [(A)on(gh)u(s)] (one-choice, an ancient Irish personal name); a dialectical form of Mac Aonghuis, Mac Aonghusa [M(a)c (A)on(gh)uis, M(a)c (A)on(gh)usa] q.v.; in use in Ulster and the Isle of Man.” [pg. 395]


Mag Aonghuis, Mag Aonghusa [M(a)(g) (A)on(gh)uis, M(a)(g) (A)on(gh)us(a) (gaelic symbols)] -- IV – Maguiness, Maguinness, Magennis, Maginness, MacGuinnessy, MacGuinness, MacGenniss, Meginniss, &c; son of Aonghus [(A)on(gh)u(s)] (one-choice); var. Mac Aonghuis, Mac Aonghusa [M(a)c (A)on(gh)uis, M(a)c (A)on(gh)usa]; sometimes corrupted to Mac Naois, Mac Naosa q.v.; the name of an ancient and powerful family in Co. Down. They were originally dynasts of Clann (A)o(u)(a), a subdivision of Ui Eathach Cobha, but in the course of the 12th century their power greatly increased, and they became chief lords of all Ui Eathach, now the baronies of Upper and Lower Iveagh. Many distinguished chiefs of the name are mentioned in the Irish annals. Towards the close of the 16th century, the name was found in many parts of Leinster and Connacht, and also in Co. Limerick, where the rare angl. [Anglised] form, MacGuinnessy, is now found.” [pg. 415]


Irish Names and Surnames, Collected and Edited by Rev. Patrick Woulfe, Priest of the Diocese of Limerick, Member of the Council, National Academy of Ireland; originally published Dublin, 1923; reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, 1967, and 1969; includes Table of the Values of Irish Letters, p. XLII [e.g. (A), (gh) and (s), in Mac Aonghuis, and (g), Mag Aonghuis]


The Scotch-Irish in Pennsylvania:


“The term Scotch-Irish identifies an important American ethnic family. When Scotland and England were different countries in the seventeenth century, some Scottish Highlanders from islands off the coast of Scotland went to Ulster, only a brief distance away. Many established residency there, and some of the early settlers intermarried with Celts and Catholics. In an official document meant to establish her authority in Ireland, Queen Elizabeth referred to these people as the 'Scotch-Irish race,' as well as the 'wild Irish,' in one of the earliest uses of the term. Although Sir Thomas Laurence, Secretary of Maryland, used the name to describe immigrants to the colony in 1695, James Logan, a Quaker immigrant from Ireland and Secretary to the William Penn family, did not use the term until 1730. He more often referred to them as 'Irish' or 'people from the North of Ireland.' By the 1750s 'Scotch-Irish' had become current in Pennsylvania, although some immigrants seemed reluctant to use the name ... 


The term is ambiguous because it refers to a people who are neither Scot nor Irish, nor a people of mixed ancestry. Rather it refers to Presbyterians primarily, from the Scottish lowlands, who settled in the northern province of Ireland, Ulster, during the seventeenth century. Approximately 200,000 Scots took up life in Ireland. Then in the early years of the eighteenth century they began an emigration across the Atlantic in a folk movement which lasted into the twentieth century. Some two million people were involved in this latter settlement. This essay deals with the origins of this people,


McAninch Family History NL, VI-1  January, 1998  Copyright Frank McAninch   page 1998-04


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